Practicing Proper Form

In firefighting, functionality is key. Equipment must be functional. Vehicles must be functional. And as firefighters, you have to be functional, too.


Functionality is just as important off the job. For example, if you injure an ankle by playing a weekend pickup game, you’re not functional. Using a walking cane might improve your functionality a bit, but you’re still hampered, and that will affect your ability to perform when back on the job. To see more information on walking canes, see

One of the best ways to make sure your body remains fully operational on and off the job is to forget about solely focusing on the weights and Stairmasters and Elliptical machines and regularly incorporate functional fitness into your workout routine.

A Different Kind of Strength

The general definition of functional fitness is doing exercises designed to replicate movements used in everyday life. You are training the muscles to take on those repetitive movements, and therefore, have less chance of injury from bending over to pick something up, carrying items up or down stairs, or at the station, coiling hoses.

One might conclude that hitting the weight machines would be the best strength-building exercises. It’s true that weightlifting will build muscles, but typically only work one group at a time. For example, lying on a bench doing presses will push your chest and shoulder muscles to work hard, but that position is doing nothing for your glutes, core, or quads.

On the other hand, functional exercises are full-body movements. You use both upper and lower body, which also requires the core to be engaged. Therefore, these are more strength-building activities than muscle-building.

Other key characteristics of functional fitness exercises include:

• Start from a standing position

Because functional fitness moves simultaneously make demands on multiple muscle groups, you almost always start from a standing position. Taking this stance means you’re not only involving the core, but you’re also testing balance and agility. Think of it this way, when you’re in the field, you don’t get to sit on a cart while hauling gear. You’re on your feet as well as moving your shoulders, back and arms.

• Use your body for resistance

You don’t need an elaborate lat-pull machine in order to create the necessary resistance to put muscles to the test. Coming out of a squat has built-in resistance from simply pushing your own body weight up. Multi-directional lunges are another example. As you get more accustomed to these types of exercises, pick up free weights, such as dumbbells and kettle bells. The added resistance will up the strength-training factor, but also increase your range of motion. That could be critical if you find yourself in a tight spot on the job where you have to become a contortionist.

• Explode with each movement

This is more for an advanced exerciser, but when you “pop” a move, it pumps up the power, which increases the metabolism because the explosion shocks muscles into a more intense reaction. A good example is the up-downs, where you run in place, drop into a pushup, and pop back up into running. Doing this type of exercise also can increase your endurance significantly.

• Functional fitness exercise examples

Standing bicep curls
Many yoga moves
Squat with overhead lift
Single leg dumbbell row
Side lunge with reach
Reverse lunge with press
Kettle bell snatch
Frog jumps
Mountain climbers
Crab walk
Squat jumps

When you have to stay in shape for the job, it’s important to make sure your workouts match the physical demands of the work, and that’s why functional fitness is a good fit for firefighters.

Firearms Training For Firefighters

Firefighters battle many deadly perils while on the job, and one of them in recent years has become people who end up shooting at emergency responders who are only responding to people being endangered in life threatening situations. If the firefighters had to undergo firearms training and are equipped with one or more military-style rifles with the best scopes like the ones on AR-15’s , they will be more equipped to handle anything that may come at them in a hostile situation if they need to use a firearm and are not able to wait for proper law enforcement personnel. This is not only why firefighters should undergo proper weapons training, but should be allowed to carry a firearm on duty like other law enforcement officials.

Rabid Animals and Deranged People Post Problems

Sometimes, firefighters enter into situations in which a firearm would be an ideal implement to deal with an immediate and very dangerous problem. It could be a deranged animal or a crazed person intent on causing great bodily harm, as might be the case when responding to a fire start because someone was too high or drunk and accidentally started a fire and then panicked. People who are high on illegal drugs are very unpredictable, and many blighted places, like many areas in Detroit, are overrun by stray dogs and wild animals, like raccoons, that spread rabies and can become very vicious. Firefighters who have undergone proper firearms training and wielding good firearms that are equipped with great scopes like the ones featured in the best reviews @ can better protect themselves and their fellow firefighters when they have a rifle on board, and many communities are allowing them to carry one or more rifles and carry concealed pistols when going into action.

Some Fires Caused by Domestic Disturbances

As policemen well know, the most dangerous and volatile situations are domestic disturbances. Many firefighters, just like the police, find themselves isolated with irate spouses and other domestic household members. In many instances, fires are started during such uproars, and unsuspecting firefighters might respond to a fire emergency and find themselves in the middle of a highly dangerous and potentially deadly situation. Whether to protect themselves or potentially abused spouses or children, a lot of firefighters have taken up the practice of getting licensed to carry concealed firearms and will use them while on the job. That gives them a measure of protection against crazed people or animals and help to keep the focus on battling any raging fires.

Great Care Must Be Taken When Carrying Concealed

Firefighters, like anyone else, generally are required to complete a firearms safety and concealed-carry class course and qualify at a range before they can obtain a license to carry concealed firearms. A lengthy background check that takes months to complete also is required of firefighters and other citizens who want to obtain licenses to carry concealed firearms. When they obtain them, firefighters must take special care to avoid accidental discharges and other mishaps while working. That means firearms must be concealed beneath safety gear.
For Basic information on Firearms Training, check out the video below to see what you can expect as an emergency responder if you end up going through basic firearms Training:

How To Deal With Shift Work

One of the hardest parts of being a firefighter aside from the actual fire-fighting can be adapting to the shift work. Sleep is an absolutely vital thing to everyone and when you work a pattern that means you don’t sleep ‘regular’ hours; if you don’t manage it properly it can have a big effect on your work. And when your job is as important and dangerous as a firefighter, this risk is accentuated.

Many people that work shifts admit they never adapt their schedules and get used to sleeping at strange times. But there are some top tips from people about how to deal with shift work that can help manage your day, even if this is a night. The last thing you want is to be between callouts and find yourself dozing. While the station house might have pool tables or games machines to keep people occupied while there is a lull, the best solution is to get the sleep routine right and avoid this worry.

Sleep environment

A piece published in Psychology Today discusses the importance of the sleep environment. The idea behind this is that whenever you try to sleep, even if it is in the middle of the day, you must prepare the room as if it was night. Make sure the room is very dark by using blocking shades and if there is a lot of noise around the house, use earplugs. Make sure phones are unplugged and the cell phone is on vibrate only. As a last resort, a white noise generator is a great gadget that can help mask the day-to-day noises around you with a relaxing sound that will help induce sleep.

Similarly, preparing for bed is also more important than most people realise. Keep the bedroom as cool as possible and take a warm bath around one hour before bed. Don’t do anything stimulating before bed like playing computer games and don’t eat anything too heavy. Also, avoid caffeine for at least five hours before bedtime, ideally and similarly avoid alcohol. Don’t do any exercise within three hours of when you go to bed.

During the shift

Staying awake during your ‘day’ can be challenging and activities such as games can be great for keeping you occupied. Exercise is also another good stimulant to help fight off sleep and get your body running. Make sure you eat regular meals and avoid foods that are high in fat as this can induce a sluggish feeling. Use caffeine but only sparingly during the shift so that it isn’t too much in your system when you finish and come to sleep. Studies have shown that the lowest part of the day is 4am, so where possible have a break at that time and do something a little active in a brightly lit area.


Knowing your own signs of sleepiness can also be a crucial thing. If you start to feel the symptoms of sleepiness, this is your body telling you it needs sleep. When this happens, move around and do something mentally stimulating to shake off the sleepy feeling and get yourself ready for your next call.

Experiments with Fire Bikes – Do they work?

Credit Wikipedia

Here’s something you may not have heard of before – fire bikes.

As strange as it sounds, some fire departments around the world utilize motorcycles in the fire department for various reasons, some even being equipped with firefighting gear, including fire extinguishers, water jets, and first aid materials.

The purpose of bikes owned and operated by fire departments are different in just about every case. Some of the ways they are used is:

  • To fight fires – Some bikes are actually equipped with small fire fighting equipment like foam, hoses, water jets, or fire extinguishers. They can be used to start fighting a fire, or to put out a very small fire.
  • To get to the fire faster – During times of congestion, a motorcycle will get to a distress call faster than a huge fire truck. They can assess the situation and start helping those people who need help and letting the fire engine know what to expect when they arrive.
  • Safety awareness campaigns – Many forces use their motorcycles to run safety awareness campaigns to ensure people are riding properly, wearing the right helmet, and obeying the laws. These are usually done in conjunction with the police department, and can be week-long events, month-long events, ongoing campaigns, or done in parades.

Who uses fire bikes?

There are a number of departments around the world that use these bikes to assist in their fire fighting and rescue jobs.

  • Here are examples of countries that use them:
  • Brazil
  • Brunei
  • Denmark
  • Hong Kong
  • Iran
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Singapore
  • Sweden
  • UK (Around Liverpool, they have been tested fairly extensively for various purposes, and the area serves as an experiment that may be replicated across the country)
  • US (Did you know that LA did a trial run in 2012 with fire bikes to help cut down response time during congestion?)

Now, it’s typical for these places to literally only have a couple of fire bikes, so they’re really not extensively used, but as you can see, there is a wide variety of places that use them.

That’s why it’s hard to tell how well they work. The Merseyside experiment (Liverpool, UK), has been ongoing for a number of years now, and it is as if they have not yet reached a conclusion. They have used the bikes for just about all of the things we outlined above that the motorcycles can be used for, but so far there hasn’t been much uptake in the rest of the country.

Nothing seems to have come from the LA experiment, either.

So, while the idea is certainly interesting, it is fair to say that motorcycles are not well-equipped to be in the business of fighting fires, even if it is just for rapid response. Once the rider arrives, there is very little they can do, and it is likely a very stressful situation as they may be witnessing a burning building and can do absolutely nothing to start putting it out.

Finally, let’s remember that no matter what we are doing in regards to bike riding, we always must be vigilant, utilize the proper safety gear, get the best motorcycle helmet you can find, and assume defensive driving tactics, because the car will always come away with less damage than you, even if it’s not your fault.

The Firefighting Application Process

Fire-fighting is a rewarding career and even mere volunteers will tell you that they would not exchange the experience for anything else. If you are earnestly pursuing a career or job in fire-fighting then please scan through the following information.

Firefighting Application Process

The Application Process For Becoming A Firefighter

Typically, when a fire department is looking for new recruits they will advertise vacant positions on career opportunity websites and in newspapers. Some are looking for new employees every couple of years or on a yearly basis. The potential fire-fighting prospects should first, genuinely weigh their skills and qualifications against those of the firefighting job requirements before they fill out and render an application.

Application Process

The actual application process will include: an application form, a short listing of applicants as well as a physical evaluation and skills test. The first test that is ordinarily provided is an agility examination. The (CPAT) or Candidate Physical Ability Test is an effective exam that is used to assess a candidate’s physical abilities in performing job tasks related to fire-fighting. It is very physically intense and requires an applicant to use their mental and physical abilities as well as balance.

The (CPAT) includes eight events that must be completed in 10 minutes and 20 seconds. The events include: stair climbing, hose dragging, equipment carrying, ladder raising, forcible entries, searches, rescue dragging and ceiling breaches and pulling.

Next Exam – Written Segment

If you meet the specific requirements in the previous test then the next exam is for the written segment. This test will examine the candidate’s abilities to learn and execute a fire-fighter’s job. It will ascertain one’s capacity to read, comprehend and apply new content, reasoning skills, basic level mathematics, spatial and mechanical ability as well as judging how one reacts in situations. The passing score will be determined by the community or city and the candidate will be informed accordingly.

Again, if the written exam has been successfully completed then the oral panel examination may commence. Fortunately for this test, no prior knowledge of fire-fighting is essentially required. Commonly a passing score for the test is 50% or thereabouts. Any fire-fighting candidate who can pass all of these tests will then be placed onto an eligibility list that can last up to two years.

More Requirements

Most, if not all fire departments will require that you have a high school graduate or equivalent certificate, a valid State motor license and a clean driving record. A thorough criminal record search will be undertaken before any appointments are arranged. You will need to make sure you’ve done a good job constructing the perfect firefighting resume as well. The hopefuls who are chosen from the list will more than likely be interviewed by the Board of Fire Commissions or associated titles depending on one’s location.

Fire Wood 101

Are you looking to save a little money this winter by using fire wood? Heating your home with fire wood instead of oil can be a great way to cut down your energy bills as well as help out the environment.


Since burning wood does not require the environmentally hazardous extraction and refining processes that oil requires, you can take comfort knowing that you are choosing a more sustainable energy source. Plus, wood costs a lot less and has a more stable price, so you won’t have to deal with the obscene price hikes that oils sees.


However, it is very important to follow the proper handling, storage and safety procedures for fire wood. If you plan on heating your house with fire wood this winter, read below to see our important safety tips.Fire Wood




You can either cut down the trees and split the fire wood yourself, or purchase already cut logs or even portions of split wood. “Split” wood usually refers to wood that has been cut up so that you can easily place it in the stove. It is usually sold in “quarts,” which is about four feet by four feet.


That’s quite a lot of wood! You will need a cool, dry place to store the wood until you’re ready to burn it. Some people opt to keep the wood outside and covered with a tarp to keep the moisture out, while others store wood in the basement or the garage.


Either way, you will need to try to find a way to store the wood so it doesn’t get damp and rot. Rotting wood will never burn well, and your plan to save money over the winter will be ruined. Therefore, store wood in a neat stack with small spaces in between so that the air can get in and dry the individual pieces out. You’ll also want to devote some extra time to stacking the wood so that it doesn’t fall down. If the pile tips over, rot can still set in and destroy your hard work. It also looks unsightly!


Keeping the Stove Safe


Additionally, you’ll want to find a way to keep your stove or burning unit safe. Never store the fire wood too close to the stove because if a stray spark catches the dry pile of wood, your home can easily go up in flames. Instead, store the pile of wood in a separate room or even outside.


Additionally, you’ll need to make sure the stove is carefully separated from small children and pets. Put up a fence around the stove, made of metal or other non-flammable material so that no one can accidentally get too close to the stove and suffer a burn. This fence will also keep flammable material, such as stray paper or other such substance, from drifting onto the hot stove.


Other Safety Concerns


If you’re planning on burning fire wood, make sure your house is also equipped with working smoke detectors and a clean, functional chimney. If needed, schedule a chimney cleaning by a professional in order to remove any debris from the chimney, which can also be a fire hazard. Test your smoke detectors regularly to ensure that they are working properly, and also consider installing a home security system that will notify the fire department at the first sign of trouble. While saving money with fire wood is good, it always pays to remember safety first!

The ABCs of Fire Extinguishers and Other Home Safety Tips

Are you a homeowner who is as prepared as can be for any emergency or disaster that may befall your home? While many of us consider ourselves prepared, at least minimally, that won’t cut it. In the event of a fire, earthquake or other emergency, you’ll want to be as prepared as possible in order to protect all that you own and all that you have built.


One great way to be prepared is to have a fire extinguisher on hand. A fire extinguisher will be able to put out small fires that would otherwise spread and consume your entire house. Read on to learn more about fire extinguishers, fire extinguisher ratings and how they can help you.


The ABCs of Fire Extinguisher Codesfire extinguisher ratings


A fire extinguisher is a special kind of safety equipment that is designed to swiftly reduce fires by blowing pressurized air onto the flames. There are several types of fire extinguishers, organized by codes, that are meant to handle different types of fires. These codes are known as the ABCs of fire extinguisher ratings.

 Class A

The first code, Class A, refers to a fire extinguisher that will put out fires started by trash, paper or wood. This is the most basic type of fire extinguisher and uses the chemical monoammonium phosphate, which will smother fires started by any of these materials.

 Class B

The second, Class B, will work against fires started by liquids, like cooking oils, gasoline, paint, and kerosene. This type of fire extinguisher will use two chemicals, monoammonium phosphate and sodium bicarbonate to put out the fire. While the first chemical will smother the fire, the second will also create a chemical reaction that will extinguish the flames.

 Class C

The third code, Class C, will extinguish electrical fires. Using the same chemicals as Class B fire extinguishers, this extinguisher uses more concentrated levels because electrical fires can spread much faster because of the energy being conducted through the faulty wiring.


These different classes of fire extinguishers also come with sub-categories depending on the strength of the fire they are meant to put out. These sub-categories are identified by numbers next to the code.


Therefore, you should consider carefully what kind of fire extinguisher you would like for your home. For example, do you have a home office with lots of computers and other electronics? It may be wise to invest in a class C fire extinguisher to keep near this room, while a Class B or Class A extinguisher may be more useful to have near the kitchen, where fires started by cooking oil or burning wood may be more likely to happen.


Other Safety Tips


Aside from having a fire extinguisher, it is also important to take other steps to ensure the safety of the home and everyone in it. For example, you can consider investing in other safety equipment such as an emergency escape ladder, a home security system and a smothering blanket to cover small fires.


You should also make sure to have the correct number of smoke detectors for your home – experts recommend one for each room of the house. Test the batteries regularly and make sure to replace them if necessary. These smoke detectors will alert you if there is a small fire, which will allow you the necessary time to put it out before it gets out of control!  Learn more about the use of quick clot on our site as a quick measure in the event of an emergency.

How to Buy a Good Pair of Fire Boots

By Sally Smith

Are you starting out as a firefighter and are getting ready to buy your first pair of fire boots? Having the right gear is very important, but in no area is this more true than your feet!


While you may think of your feet only as an afterthought as you go out to our assignments, they’re actually your number one ally. Don’t believe me? Try carrying a victim out of a building when you have blisters on the backs of both ankles. Then you’ll want to do just about anything to take the pain away. Additionally, since you wear boots to work and your feet sweat, you’re at risk for Athlete’s Foot, Jungle Foot, Foot Fungus, ingrown toenails and other unpleasant and painful conditions.Fire boots


Additionally, if you’re wearing improper gear, you can also be at risk for other injuries on the job. For example, if you’re wearing ill-fitting boots, you’re more at risk for a sprained ankle or even a broken bone. Not only will that get you taken off duty for recovery, but you could end up stuck in a burning building and unable to escape due to your injury. That is definitely a nightmare situation for any firefighter!


With all that in mind, one of your main priorities should be taking care of your feet by choosing the right brand for you. Read on to learn more about how to choose the perfect pair of boots to keep your feet safe and comfortable while you’re out, you know, saving lives.


Consider Going Custom


Since your fire boots are going to be your lifeline to better performance on your shift, you’ll want to make sure you get the best pair you can find. Brands vary by material, size and quality, and not all sizes fit all (pun intended!). If possible, you can consider going with a brand that lets you submit your foot measurements and material preferences and order the perfect pair of boots for your feet. While custom-made boots may cost a bit more, remember that if you invest in a perfect pair you’ll be able to keep them longer. Boots that fit better won’t need to be replaced as often.


Great Brands to Try On for Size


Most firefighters overwhelmingly recommend White’s Smokejumper boots. Running at $400, these boots are a worthy investment. However, don’t be afraid to check out other brands, like Under Armor, Magnum, Rocky and Smith and Wesson. Remember to make sure to try on your fire boots before actually settling on making a purchase.


Once you have your perfect pair of boots, keep them looking swell by polishing them regularly. This will also prevent against any damage or wear and tear that will diminish their quality.


Don’t Forget Socks!

After you have your ideal pair of fire boots, don’t forget to find the ideal pair of socks. Ill-fitting socks can give you painful blisters, even in the most comfortable custom-made boot.


Experts recommend wearing two pairs of socks made of natural fibers. One great brand is Smartwool, which is designed to keep your feet protected and warm while not being too scratchy. You can also layer them easily without having them bunch up or rub you the wrong way.

Become a Volunteer Firefighter


Are you looking for a thrilling way to contribute to your community in your spare time? Serving as a volunteer firefighter can be a rewarding, fulfilling way to serve your community. You can serve in a band of comrades, help keep the community safe and even save lives.


However, being a volunteer firefighter is a really big commitment. It will require training, stamina and long nights on call. If you are thinking about becoming a volunteer firefighter, here are some things to think about.


Are you of age?volunteer firefighter


Fire departments have a minimum age requirement to serve with them. This will vary depending on which department you want to work with, but generally you have to be a legal adult, which means over 21 years old. Some departments may require you to be even older. However, some departments have a “junior firefighter” program, where you can ride along in the fire truck and observe.


Are you in good physical condition?


Volunteer fire departments have tough physical condition requirements. You will have to pass a series of tests that will look at strength and stamina. The job also requires you to be physically fit, able to lift heavy things, climb a latter and move quickly.


How much free time do you have?


Since this is a volunteer position, there won’t be any payment. However, you may be able to get a tax refund or reimbursement for expenses on the job. There is also a minimum hourly requirement, sometimes upwards of twenty hours per week or more, but this will depend on a number of factors, such as your area, the number of volunteers and the rules of the department.


Can I become a career firefighter after volunteering?


Actually, if you are looking to build a career as a firefighter, then volunteering is a great place to start. You can work toward passing all of the tests, get training on the job, and rack up some experience. You’ll also be able to build contacts within the firefighting community who will be able to inform you if there is a full-time staff position.


Becoming a Volunteer Firefighter: The Next Steps


If you feel that volunteering as a firefighter is right for you, then your first step is to contact your local fire department. Since each department is different, you will need to directly ask about the rules and requirements for volunteers.


The next step is to get in shape. Learn about the requirements for your fitness test and train accordingly. Go on regular runs, do strength exercises, or even work with a personal trainer to make sure you reach the objectives. You may also have to work to shed a few extra pounds if you’re over the weight limit.


Once you have scheduled and passed your fitness test, you will need to begin your training. All volunteer firefighters have to complete 110 hours of NFPA certification. You may also need additional training, depending on your department. Some volunteer firefighters also opt to get EMT certification along with their NFPA certification, so that they can assist in a medical emergency. When you have finished your training and passed your exams, you can get fitted for gear, get your personal radio, and get ready to start saving lives!

Mastering the Ten Codes

By Sally Smith

Are you new to the world of firefighting? Firefighters are some of the most indispensable community members. Not only do they save lives on a regular basis, but they are also responsible for keeping our property and communities safe from fire hazards.


If you are looking to join this noble profession, then one thing you will need to learn is the firefighter codes, also known as the ten codes. These are verbal instructions given from a dispatcher over a radio and signify important information you will need to do your job. Read on to learn more about firefighter codes and some tips on how to learn them.


Ten Codes for FirefightersFirefighter codes


Here are the ten codes that firefighters need to know. As you can see, there are many of them that are meant to cover a wide variety of different commands and reports. The commands are verbal and are expressed as “ten-” followed by the corresponding number.


  • 10-0 Caution
  • 10-1 Unable to copy — change location
  • 10-2 Signal good
  • 10-3 Stop transmitting
  • 10-4 Acknowledgement (OK)
  • 10-5 Relay
  • 10-6 Busy — stand by unless urgent
  • 10-7 Out of service
  • 10-8 In service
  • 10-18 Quickly
  • 10-19 Return to …
  • 10-20 Location
  • 10-21 Call … by telephone
  • 10-22 Disregard
  • 10-23 Arrived at scene
  • 10-24 Assignment completed
  • 10-33 Emergency
  • 10-39 Urgent — use light, siren
  • 10-40 Silent run — no light, siren
  • 10-41 Beginning tour of duty
  • 10-42 Ending tour of duty
  • 10-43 Information
  • 10-50 Accident (fatal, personal injury, property damage)
  • 10-51 Wrecker needed
  • 10-52 Ambulance needed
  • 10-60 Squad in vicinity
  • 10-61 Isolate self for message
  • 10-62 Reply to message
  • 10-63 Prepare to make written copy
  • 10-64 Message for local delivery
  • 10-65 Net message assignment
  • 10-66 Message cancellation
  • 10-67 Clear for net message
  • 10-68 Dispatch information
  • 10-69 Message received
  • 10-70 Fire
  • 10-71 Advise nature of fire
  • 10-72 Report progress on fire
  • 10-73 Smoke report
  • 10-74 Negative
  • 10-75 In contact with …
  • 10-76 En route …
  • 10-77 ETA (estimated time of arrival)
  • 10-78 Need assistance
  • 10-79 Notify coroner
  • 10-84 If meeting … advise ETA
  • 10-85 Delayed due to …
  • 10-86 Officer/operator on duty
  • 10-87 Pick up/distribute checks
  • 10-88 Present telephone number of …
  • 10-97 Check (test) signal


Tips on how to learn the firefighter codes


These codes are very important because they give firefighters and other emergency personnel a way to communicate efficiently. Each code explains exactly what’s happening without going into detail and wasting valuable time.

Find the Firefighter Code of Ethics here.


Therefore, it is very important that you learn these codes too if you want to be a firefighter. While it may look like a lot, these firefighter codes aren’t that difficult to remember if you practice. If needed, you can quiz yourself using flashcards or get a friend to help read from a list and ask you the correct responses. You can also try writing them down as a way to study, as research has shown that writing something down will help embed it in your memory. Reviewing the codes before going to sleep each night will help too.


Regardless of how you learn them, mastering these firefighter codes will help take you one step closer to your career as a firefighter.